The Good Childhood Report 2022

Added: 26/09/2022 Category: Health

“Our Good Childhood Report 2022 shows that children’s happiness continues to decline. Young people are on average less happy with their life as a whole, school, friends and how they look than ten years ago. Young people are telling us what needs to change and we must listen.”

The identification of safety concerns relating to children (The identification of safety concerns relating to children)

Added: 23/09/2022 Category: Youth Justice

A key objective for those delivering youth offending services is to keep children and other people safe, which sits alongside and supports the all-important nurturing and strengths-focused work that helps children to realise their potential. The focus in this bulletin is upon the assessment stage of youth justice work, recognising that it is vital to identify all potential safety concerns and sources of harm in order to mitigate and prevent any dangers.

Design brief: A new vision of support for care-experienced young adults

Added: 22/09/2022 Category: Looked after children

During National Care Leavers’ Week 2021, we launched a new group project – Sky’s the Limit – to redesign ‘leaving care’ and offer a fresh and aspirational vision for how the care system should be supporting care-experienced young adults.

Let’s Talk Teenagers: A supportive tool kit to help parents understand & navigate challenging behaviours

Added: 01/09/2022 Category: Family, Health

Young people want to feel they’re being listened to, not being told, so going in hard and laying down the law is unlikely to ever lead to an honest response. You’re much more likely to get through to them if you try to start a dialogue. Throughout this booklet are suggestions for difficult conversations and ways of starting the conversation.

Child to Parent Abuse (Dr Amanda Holt, HM Inspectorate of Probation)

Added: 24/08/2022 Category: Family, Health, Violence

There is now compelling research evidence about the impacts of child to parent abuse on families. Aside from the physical injuries caused by the violence, there are wider impacts for parents/carers in terms of their psychological health (e.g. anxiety and depression), financial harms (e.g. loss of income and home, property damage), family relationships (e.g. marital conflict), and harms to social life (including social withdrawal and isolation) (Holt, 2016).

Turning the tide against online child sexual abuse (The Police Foundation)

Added: 19/07/2022 Category: Online, Safeguarding

The internet has enabled the production and consumption of Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) on an industrial scale. It has also created new opportunities for adults to sexually abuse and exploit children. The volume of online child sexual abuse offences is now so great that it has simply overwhelmed the ability of law enforcement agencies, internationally, to respond.

Searching, Screening and Confiscation: Advice for schools

Added: 13/07/2022 Category: Education, Professionalism

This publication is intended to explain the screening, searching and confiscating powers a school has, ensuring that headteachers and members of staff have the confidence to use these powers and schools are a calm, safe and supportive environment to learn and work. This publication also provides advice to headteachers and staff on their related legal duties when it comes to these powers.

Education inside penal detention for children in England

Added: 01/07/2022 Category: Education, Youth Justice

Educational provision in prisons and secure training centres is woefully inadequate for children in both quantity and quality. This guide outlines key steps that practitioners can take to address the problem. Published jointly by the Howard League for Penal Reform and Independent Provider of Special Education Advice (IPSEA), it reveals that more than two-thirds of children in custody have special educational needs.

Childhood trauma, the brain and the social world: A short guide about the importance of social relationships for mental health

Added: 01/07/2022 Category: Early Intervention/ACE

“In this guide, we share some of the latest research looking at how brain changes following trauma can affect a child’s social world. We consider how adults and systems can help build a better social world.”

Finding out your child has been harmed through technology assisted Child Sexual Abuse

Added: 29/06/2022 Category: Family, Online, Safeguarding

As parents we want to keep our children safe and protected from harm. It is one of the primary drivers of being a parent – the balance between allowing our children to develop into independent adults, while protecting them from as much hurt as possible. But despite our best intentions, harm happens and sometimes we have to face the unimaginable truth that our child has been sexually abused. When this happens it is normal and natural to experience a range of emotions and responses that can be extremely difficult to process and manage. This leaflet is for parents in this situation.

Design brief: A new vision of support for care-experienced young adults

Added: 22/09/2022 Category: Looked after children

During National Care Leavers’ Week 2021, we launched a new group project – Sky’s the Limit – to redesign ‘leaving care’ and offer a fresh and aspirational vision for how the care system should be supporting care-experienced young adults.

Young Justice Advisors 2022

Added: 31/05/2022 Category: Looked after children, Youth Justice

This report has been co-produced by Leaders Unlocked and the Young Justice Advisors, a team of young adults aged 18-30 with lived experience of the criminal justice and care systems. The Young Justice Advisors work to highlight the voice of lived experience, and advocate for lived experience to inform policy and practice changes at the national level.

The independent review of children’s social care: Final report

Added: 23/05/2022 Category: Family, Looked after children

Nothing has shaped my thinking more than listening to those that children’s social care exists to serve – children, parents, aunts and uncles, grandparents and care experienced adults. You have made me pause, laugh and cry and you have fuelled the review to be ambitious about the change that is needed. Thank you for your time and wisdom in sharing what at times have been painful and upsetting experiences – I appreciate what this asked of you and hope it will lead to change. The review’s approach to listening to those with lived experience was set by the Experts by Experience Board. This very special group has been instrumental to the review.

The education and social care background of young people who interact with the criminal justice system: May 2022

Added: 01/05/2022 Category: Looked after children, Politics, Youth Justice

Examining educational attainment and provision, social care provision and demographics of young people educated in England who subsequently received a custodial sentence, and comparing with their peers who did not.

‘Ready or not’: care leavers’ views of preparing to leave care

Added: 19/01/2022 Category: Looked after children

For many children in care, approaching adulthood and leaving the care system is a time of extra challenges, anxiety and fear. This research looks at the planning and preparation that happens before leaving care.

141 miles From Home: Challenges for Children in Secure Homes

Added: 17/12/2021 Category: Looked after children

The National Youth Advocacy Service (NYAS) has released an initial report as part of its secure children’s home research project. The report provides a snapshot of the context around secure children’s homes in England and Wales between 2018 and 2020 and the challenges faced by children living in this type of accommodation.

Looked after children: out of area, unregulated and unregistered accommodation (England)

Added: 21/07/2021 Category: Looked after children, Politics

This briefing provides information on two separate but related topics concerning looked after children in England:
• Sections two and three cover out of area placements
• Sections four to six cover unregulated and unregistered accommodation.

Children’s views on being reported missing from care

Added: 30/04/2021 Category: Looked after children

Children who are looked after in the care system are disproportionately likely to go missing. One in every ten looked after children will go missing compared to an estimated one in every two hundred children generally.1 They are also much more likely to be reported missing on multiple occasions: in 2020, over 12,000 children who were looked after went missing in over 81,000 missing incidents. Nearly 65% of missing looked after children were reported missing more than once in 2020.

Impact of shared decision-making family meetings on children’s out-of-home care, family empowerment and satisfaction: A systematic review

Added: 13/02/2020 Category: Family, Health, Looked after children, Professionalism

This review comprehensively identified and assessed the evidence of the effect of shared decision-making family meetings in reducing the need for placing children in out-of-home care, and increasing family reunification, family empowerment and satisfaction, as well as reviewing the published literature on the cost- effectiveness of shared decision-making family meetings.

Pass the parcel: Children posted around the care system

Added: 18/12/2019 Category: Looked after children

There are over 30,000 looked after children living ‘out of area’ in England. This is 41% of all children in care2 and has risen by 13% since 2014. Over 11,000 of these children are more than 20 miles from what they would call home, with over 2,000 further than a hundred miles away.

Representing looked-after children at the police station: a step-by-step guide for lawyers

Added: 01/10/2019 Category: Looked after children, Professionalism, Youth Justice

The guide, jointly published by Just for Kids Law and the Howard League for Penal Reform, aims to reduce the overcriminalisation of children in care. The Howard League for Penal Reform and the Youth Justice Legal Centre at Just for Kids Law have worked together to produce the document, which offers guidance on practical steps that lawyers should take to ensure that looked-after children receive the support and assistance they need and are entitled to. Looked-after children, and particularly those living in residential care, are disproportionately criminalised, compared to other children. They are less likely to receive support from family members or another trusted adult at the police station, and they should be entitled to additional protections set out in law, policy and guidance.

National protocol on reducing criminalisation of looked-after children

Added: 17/12/2018 Category: Looked after children, Politics, Professionalism, Youth Justice

A framework to help social care and criminal justice agencies keep looked-after children out of the criminal justice system.

“We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system

Added: 31/03/2022 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice

This report is about girls and young women aged 17 to 25 years old in contact with the criminal justice system. In particular, it highlights the experiences of Black, Asian and minoritised young women, and young women with experience of the care system as both groups are overrepresented in the criminal justice system.

“We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system

Added: 04/03/2022 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice

“Our new briefing, “We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system with the Alliance for Youth Justice (AYJ) looks into young women’s pathways into the criminal justice system in collaboration with young women and expert practitioners. Our research lays bare the experiences of girls and young women in the criminal justice system and calls on the Ministry of Justice to make urgent reforms, showing that without immediate attention, girls and young women will remain marginalised and locked in a cycle of harm, inequality, and re-offending.”

LGBTQI+ mental health

Added: 01/12/2021 Category: Diversity, Health

A resource to support the mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex young people.

Tackling violence against women and girls strategy (easy read version)

Added: 21/11/2021 Category: Diversity, Violence, Violence against Women and Girls

Crimes of violence against women and girls include rape and other sexual offences. Stalking, domestic abuse, ‘honour-based’ abuse (including female genital mutilation, forced marriage and ‘honour’ killings), ‘revenge porn’, ‘upskirting’ and many others.

Tackling violence against women and girls strategy

Added: 18/11/2021 Category: Diversity, Violence, Violence against Women and Girls

Violence against women and girls is an unacceptable, preventable issue which blights the lives of millions. Crimes of violence against women and girls are many and varied. They include rape and other sexual offences, stalking, domestic abuse, ‘honour- based’ abuse (including female genital mutilation and forced marriage and ‘honour’ killings), ‘revenge porn’ and ‘upskirting’, as well as many others. While different types of violence against women and girls have their own distinct causes and impacts on victims and survivors, what these crimes share is that they disproportionately affect women and girls.

Out of sight: Girls in the Children and Young People’s Secure Estate

Added: 05/11/2021 Category: Diversity, Law, Youth Justice

Evidence suggests that girls in the Children and Young People Secure Estate (CYPSE) are a highly vulnerable group. Like boys, their pathways into these settings are closely linked with histories of childhood exposure to multiple traumatic events. However, studies suggest that girls in secure and residential child protection settings have the very highest levels of exposure to childhood adversities and developmental trauma with particularly higher experiences of physical and sexual abuse and ongoing victimisation compared with boys.

The experiences of black and mixed heritage boys in the youth justice system

Added: 21/10/2021 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice

This fieldwork for this inspection took place between April and June 2021. The trial for the murder of George Floyd ran alongside it and concluded during this time. The impact of this case and the rise and influence of the Black Lives Matter movement were strongly felt in almost every service we visited during this inspection. It was clear that these events have reignited overdue discussion about racial discrimination and its impact.

Working with Autism Spectrum Condition Children – Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service

Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Diversity, Health, Professionalism

Youth Custody Service have produced a short briefing concerned with working with Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC) children. The briefing provides concise and easily accessible advice and guidance for front-line staff working with children who have an autism spectrum condition. Suggestions on how to identify, communicate with and successfully engage children and young adults with autism spectrum condition are offered.

Working with Girls and Bullying: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service

Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Bullying, Diversity, Youth Justice

The Youth Custody Service have produced a short briefing concerned with working with girls and bullying. The briefing is intended to enable staff to identify bullying amongst girls and equip practitioners with effective solutions to identify and address bullying in a variety of scenarios. The briefing investigates the complexity and motives of bullying, the experience for girls and how this manifests in different settings to allow practitioners to both support and help the victims and perpetrators.

Supporting Children who are Black, Asian or Have Specific Cultural or Religious Needs: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service

Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice

The YCS have created a briefing concerning supporting children who are Black, Asian or have specific cultural or religious needs. Children within the secure estate represent many different cultures and religious beliefs and therefore the importance for staff to be equipped with the knowledge and practical solutions to support the children and young people in their care is paramount. The text discusses themes of food, clothing, personal care, events and measures to embrace the opportunities to understand and raise awareness that different needs require different types of support.

Supporting Muslim Children: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service

Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice

This briefing covers a range of practice that will enable staff to understand and respond to the needs of children who follow the Islamic faith. It suggests a range of very practical measures to help staff demonstrate that they have considered and responded to the child’s individual circumstances which may help to minimise any unnecessary barriers to engagement and building trust.

Autism: a guide for police officers and staff

Added: 01/12/2020 Category: Diversity, Professionalism

Autism affects more than one per cent of the population. You are therefore highly likely to encounter someone who is on the autism spectrum at some point in your policing career. This might include autistic people who aren’t yet diagnosed. This guide provides background information about autism and aims to help all police officers and staff who may come into contact with autistic people meet their responsibilities under the Equality Act 2010 (Disability Discrimination Act 1995, Northern Ireland), Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (Northern Ireland Order 1989) and the Mental Health Act 1983 (Mental Health Northern Ireland Order 1986).

Shut Out: The experiences of LGBT young people not in education, training or work

Added: 26/02/2020 Category: Diversity

Despite the progress we’ve made in recent years, growing up can still be incredibly tough for many young people who are lesbian, gay, bi and trans (LGBT). In 2017, School Report, Cambridge University research for Stonewall, found that nearly half of LGBT young people are still bullied at school simply for being who they are. If we want every single young person to grow up free to be themselves, we need to work harder to remove the barriers that hold young people back from reaching their full potential.

The detention of young people with learning disabilities and/or autism

Added: 23/10/2019 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice

We regard ourselves as a civilised society with a respect for human rights. Most people would say we should take extra care to support young people and those who are disabled. But the brutal truth is that we are failing to protect some of the most vulnerable young people – those with learning disabilities and/or autism. And indeed, we are inflicting terrible suffering on those detained in mental health hospitals and causing anguish to their distraught families. The recent BBC Panorama programme showing taunting and abuse of patients at Whorlton Hall exposed the horrific reality for some.

Language that cares – Changing the way professionals talk about Children in Care

Added: 01/03/2019 Category: Diversity, Professionalism

Language That Cares is a collaborative effort led by TACT that aims to change the language of the care system. Language is a powerful tool for communication but sometimes the way that it is used in social care creates stigma and barriers for understanding. Language is power, and we want children and young people to feel empowered in their care experience.

Unsocial Spaces

Added: 01/10/2021 Category: Domestic Abuse, Violence, Harmful Sexual Behaviour

Domestic abuse is getting ‘smarter’. When Refuge first started work 50 years ago, domestic abuse was widely thought of as black eyes and broken bones. The reality for women now is that domestic abuse can take many different, insidious forms. One of those is tech abuse – where perpetrators use technology to harass, stalk, intimidate and control women.

Domestic Abuse Act 2021

Added: 12/05/2021 Category: Domestic Abuse

An Act to make provision in relation to domestic abuse; to make provision for and in connection with the establishment of a Domestic Abuse Commissioner; to make provision for the granting of measures to assist individuals in certain circumstances to give evidence or otherwise participate in civil proceedings; to prohibit cross-examination in person in family or civil proceedings in certain circumstances; to make further provision about orders under section 91(14) of the Children Act 1989; to provide for an offence of threatening to disclose private sexual photographs and films with intent to cause distress; to provide for an offence of strangulation or suffocation; to make provision about circumstances in which consent to the infliction of harm is not a defence in proceedings for certain violent offences; to make provision about certain violent or sexual offences, and offences involving other abusive behaviour, committed outside the United Kingdom; and for connected purposes.

At last there is someone I can talk to

Added: 11/12/2020 Category: Domestic Abuse, Health, Safeguarding

Children are to be recognised as victims of domestic abuse in their own right in the new Domestic Abuse Bill. When the Bill receives Royal Assent, the Government, organisations and professionals who come into contact with children will need to demonstrate the ways in which this recognition has changed and improved the services and support that are available for the children in their care.

Hidden men: learning from case reviews

Added: 01/04/2015 Category: Domestic Abuse

Summary of risk factors and learning for improved practice around ‘hidden’ men. Men play a very important role in children’s lives and have a great influence on the children they care for. Despite this, they can be ignored by professionals who sometimes focus almost exclusively on the quality of care children receive from their mothers/female carers.

Overlooked: Why we should be doing more to support families and friends affected by someone else’s drinking, drug use or gambling.

Added: 05/11/2021 Category: Drugs, Family, Gambling

This latest research looks at the number of people negatively impacted by someone else’s drinking, drug taking or gambling. In line with our 2019 research which looked at families affected by substance use, Adfam found that 5.5 million people are currently dealing with the negative impacts of a friend or family member’s drinking, drug talking or gambling

Still not safe

Added: 06/02/2021 Category: Drugs, Violence

This report shows that the vast majority of Local Authorities do not have a sufficient grip on the drivers for youth violence in their areas, nor do they have a cogent strategy to reduce risk factors in vulnerable cohorts. Most were not tracking local school exclusions – widely acknowledged as a trigger for a significant escalation of risk for children. Drug misuse is also a key risk factor for gang exploitation, however the numbers of children accessing drug treatment has fallen by 41% nationally.

When to call the police: Guidance for schools & colleges (NPCC)

Added: 07/08/2020 Category: Drugs, Education, Online, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This advice is for school and college staff with responsibility for behaviour management, including designated safeguarding leads (DSLs), their deputies, head teachers and senior leadership teams in schools and colleges in England. This advice covers incidents on school and college premises where students have potentially committed a crime. It provides guidance on what schools and colleges should bear in mind when considering contacting the police.

Gangs and Exploitation: A youth work response to COVID-19

Added: 20/05/2020 Category: ASB, Drugs, Coronavirus

This report builds on the insights from NYA’s ‘Out of Sight?’ research (April 2020) on the vulnerabilities of young people caused or exacerbated by COVID-19. Here, we take a deeper look at the scale of and response to gang- associated activity, the exploitation of young people through lockdown and the impact of COVID-19.

We’re all in this together?

Added: 23/04/2020 Category: Drugs, Professionalism, Safeguarding, Coronavirus

The Children’s Commissioner’s local area profiles of child vulnerability provide a way for councils to understand which groups of children are likely to be at risk under lockdown, and how many children in their area fall into those groups. It also provides a framework for central government to target additional resources at the areas most in need.

Criminal exploitation of children and vulnerable adults: county lines

Added: 08/11/2018 Category: County Lines, Drugs, Violence

This guidance outlines what county lines (and associated criminal exploitation) is, signs to look for in potential victims, and what to do about it. It does not provide information about the entirety of the county lines issue. The document is a supplement to an organisation’s existing safeguarding policies, to help identify and protect those exploited through this criminal activity.

Searching, Screening and Confiscation: Advice for schools

Added: 13/07/2022 Category: Education, Professionalism

This publication is intended to explain the screening, searching and confiscating powers a school has, ensuring that headteachers and members of staff have the confidence to use these powers and schools are a calm, safe and supportive environment to learn and work. This publication also provides advice to headteachers and staff on their related legal duties when it comes to these powers.

Education inside penal detention for children in England

Added: 01/07/2022 Category: Education, Youth Justice

Educational provision in prisons and secure training centres is woefully inadequate for children in both quantity and quality. This guide outlines key steps that practitioners can take to address the problem. Published jointly by the Howard League for Penal Reform and Independent Provider of Special Education Advice (IPSEA), it reveals that more than two-thirds of children in custody have special educational needs.

Keeping children safe in education 2022 Statutory guidance for schools and colleges

Added: 25/05/2022 Category: Education, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This is statutory guidance from the Department for Education (‘the Department’) issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002 (as amended), the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014, the Non-Maintained Special Schools (England) Regulations 2015 and the Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009 (as amended). Schools and colleges in England must have regard to it when carrying out their duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. For the purposes of this guidance children includes everyone under the age of 18.

Review of sexual abuse in schools and colleges

Added: 10/06/2021 Category: Education, Health

Ofsted was asked by the government to carry out a rapid review of sexual abuse in schools and colleges. This report summarises our findings and recommendations.

Policing in the Classroom Evaluation Report

Added: 12/02/2021 Category: Education

Research project in partnership with National Police Chief’s Council and the PSHE association highlighting the significant benefits of enabling training officers to deliver lessons in schools on key issues.

Keeping children safe in education (2020): Statutory guidance for schools and colleges

Added: 28/01/2021 Category: Education, Safeguarding

Update – January 2021 (Post EU Exit). This is statutory guidance from the Department for Education (the department) issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002, the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014, and the Non-Maintained Special Schools (England) Regulations 2015. Schools and colleges in England must have regard to it when carrying out their duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. For the purposes of this guidance children includes everyone under the age of 18.

Sharing nudes and semi-nudes: advice for education settings working with children and young people

Added: 23/12/2020 Category: Education, Online, Safeguarding

This advice is for designated safeguarding leads (DSLs), their deputies, headteachers and senior leadership teams in schools and educational establishments in England. Other members of staff should see a one-page summary on how to manage incidents available on the UK Council for Internet Safety’s (UKCIS’) website. This document may also act as good practice advice for out-of-school settings providing education for children and young people in England (e.g. extracurricular clubs, youth organisations and providers).

Sharing nudes and semi-nudes: how to respond to an incident

Added: 20/12/2020 Category: Education, Online, Professionalism

An overview for all staff working in education settings in England. This document provides a brief overview for frontline staff of how to respond to incidents where nudes and semi-nudes have been shared. All such incidents should be immediately reported to the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) or equivalent and managed in line with your setting’s child protection policies.

Young Carers in School: Guidance for Schools (Covid-19)

Added: 23/09/2020 Category: Education, Family, Health, Coronavirus

As the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic continues, it is critical that all professionals working with children and young people are aware of the needs and risks of young carers. The Young Carers in Schools Programme has consulted young carers, schools and carers services and created a succinct PDF guide and an all-staff briefing PowerPoint presentation for all schools to use, to inform their response to the needs of young carers at this time.

When to call the police: Guidance for schools & colleges (NPCC)

Added: 07/08/2020 Category: Drugs, Education, Online, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This advice is for school and college staff with responsibility for behaviour management, including designated safeguarding leads (DSLs), their deputies, head teachers and senior leadership teams in schools and colleges in England. This advice covers incidents on school and college premises where students have potentially committed a crime. It provides guidance on what schools and colleges should bear in mind when considering contacting the police.

Vulnerable Young People: COVID-19 Response (April 2020)

Added: 28/04/2020 Category: Education, Law, Coronavirus

This report highlights the scale and prevalence of young people’s needs that are amplified by the pandemic. It draws on the latest data and vulnerability framework by the Office of the Children’s Commissioner for England, with valuable insights from partners and young people from across the youth sector.

Study of Early Education and Development (SEED)

Added: 24/02/2020 Category: Education, Health

Several decades of research indicated that early childhood education and care (ECEC) can have a positive effect on children’s educational, cognitive, behavioural and social outcomes, in both the short and long term, particularly if it is of good quality.

Keeping children safe in education – Statutory guidance for schools and colleges

Added: 01/10/2019 Category: Education, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This is statutory guidance from the Department for Education (the department) issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002, the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014, and the Non-Maintained Special Schools (England) Regulations 2015. Schools and colleges in England must have regard to it when carrying out their duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. For the purposes of this guidance children includes everyone under the age of 18.

The Good Childhood Report 2022

Added: 26/09/2022 Category: Health

“Our Good Childhood Report 2022 shows that children’s happiness continues to decline. Young people are on average less happy with their life as a whole, school, friends and how they look than ten years ago. Young people are telling us what needs to change and we must listen.”

Let’s Talk Teenagers: A supportive tool kit to help parents understand & navigate challenging behaviours

Added: 01/09/2022 Category: Family, Health

Young people want to feel they’re being listened to, not being told, so going in hard and laying down the law is unlikely to ever lead to an honest response. You’re much more likely to get through to them if you try to start a dialogue. Throughout this booklet are suggestions for difficult conversations and ways of starting the conversation.

Child to Parent Abuse (Dr Amanda Holt, HM Inspectorate of Probation)

Added: 24/08/2022 Category: Family, Health, Violence

There is now compelling research evidence about the impacts of child to parent abuse on families. Aside from the physical injuries caused by the violence, there are wider impacts for parents/carers in terms of their psychological health (e.g. anxiety and depression), financial harms (e.g. loss of income and home, property damage), family relationships (e.g. marital conflict), and harms to social life (including social withdrawal and isolation) (Holt, 2016).

Toward a system that heals: Exploring empathy and its application to youth justice and children’s education, health and social care services.

Added: 24/06/2022 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Health, Professionalism

Through the report I will comment on love, kindness and compassion in systems, and I realise as I come to conclude the writing of this report, that actually empathy is an intentional ‘doing’ word, and that in fact empathy is the driver to love, kindness and compassionate action that leads to ‘empathic interactions’, and increases connection between service providers and those who use the services.

The Bridge Magazine (CAMHS)

Added: 01/03/2022 Category: Health, Professionalism

The Bridge, ACAMH’s Magazine, shares the latest clinically relevant child and adolescent mental health research, best practice, and policy. We publish accessible, interesting, and useful articles to inform our readers’ work with young people, bridging the gap between expert evidence and current practice.

Sexual Abuse Online Helping my autistic child

Added: 09/12/2021 Category: Health, Safeguarding

ACT and The Marie Collins Foundation have collaborated to produce a resource to help parents and children understand various online risks.
The resource is a leaflet called “Sexual Abuse Online – Helping My Autistic Child.” It’s available as an online PDF, but you can also contact ACT or The Marie Collins Foundation to request a hard copy.

LGBTQI+ mental health

Added: 01/12/2021 Category: Diversity, Health

A resource to support the mental health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex young people.

The role of public services in addressing child vulnerability

Added: 19/11/2021 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Health

“Our second major inquiry, ‘The role of public services in addressing child vulnerability’ will ask whether reforming public services can address the growing problem of child vulnerability. The inquiry will cover how public services support mothers and families during pregnancy, and how they support children in their early years and school years”. (UK Parliament)

Neurodiversity – a whole-child approach for youth justice

Added: 01/08/2021 Category: Health, Professionalism, Youth Justice

Neurodiversity means that everyone’s brains are differently connected. The term is thought to have been coined by Australian sociologist Judy Singer in the late 1990s. It was a plea to move from seeing diagnosis of conditions such as dyslexia and autism as disorders with a focus on cure and prevention (known as a medical model) to a more social model of disability.

Review of sexual abuse in schools and colleges

Added: 10/06/2021 Category: Education, Health

Ofsted was asked by the government to carry out a rapid review of sexual abuse in schools and colleges. This report summarises our findings and recommendations.

Working with Autism Spectrum Condition Children – Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service

Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Diversity, Health, Professionalism

Youth Custody Service have produced a short briefing concerned with working with Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC) children. The briefing provides concise and easily accessible advice and guidance for front-line staff working with children who have an autism spectrum condition. Suggestions on how to identify, communicate with and successfully engage children and young adults with autism spectrum condition are offered.

Young people’s mental and emotional wellbeing

Added: 27/01/2021 Category: Health, Online

Over recent years there has been an improved understanding of the importance of good emotional and mental health, alongside growing concern about the apparently increasing prevalence of mental health problems in society. Children’s mental and emotional health is understood to be a major issue – because of the number of children who experience problems; the potential impacts of this on health, education and longer- term outcomes; and the strong association between mental health problems in childhood and in adulthood.

At last there is someone I can talk to

Added: 11/12/2020 Category: Domestic Abuse, Health, Safeguarding

Children are to be recognised as victims of domestic abuse in their own right in the new Domestic Abuse Bill. When the Bill receives Royal Assent, the Government, organisations and professionals who come into contact with children will need to demonstrate the ways in which this recognition has changed and improved the services and support that are available for the children in their care.

‘Feeling heard’: partner agencies working together to make a difference for children with mental ill health

Added: 09/12/2020 Category: Health, Professionalism

This report draws together findings from six joint targeted area inspections, focusing on the multi-agency response to children’s mental ill health. The findings in this report considers how local partnerships and services were responding to children and their families when children were living with mental ill health.

Young Carers in School: Guidance for Schools (Covid-19)

Added: 23/09/2020 Category: Education, Family, Health, Coronavirus

As the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic continues, it is critical that all professionals working with children and young people are aware of the needs and risks of young carers. The Young Carers in Schools Programme has consulted young carers, schools and carers services and created a succinct PDF guide and an all-staff briefing PowerPoint presentation for all schools to use, to inform their response to the needs of young carers at this time.

Leaders Unlocked: Policing the Pandemic

Added: 19/07/2020 Category: Health, Professionalism, Coronavirus

Policing the Pandemic is youth-led study that seeks to provide a snapshot of young people’s views and experiences of policing during lockdown. Between May and June 2020, the project gathered views from over 3900 young people across England and Wales.

Teen guide to surviving lockdown and beyond

Added: 30/04/2020 Category: Health, Coronavirus

Tools, activities and practices to help you manage social distancing and stay positive during the coronavirus lockdown & beyond.

Covid-19 and early intervention: Evidence, challenges and risks relating to virtual and digital delivery

Added: 23/04/2020 Category: Health, Professionalism, Coronavirus

The Covid-19 pandemic has created a global public health crisis that is having and will continue to have a profound impact on every area of life. Many services for children and families will face significant disruption, as a wide range of services – such as parenting classes, home visiting programmes, youth work, counselling services and school-based services – have traditionally been delivered face-to-face.

Study of Early Education and Development (SEED)

Added: 24/02/2020 Category: Education, Health

Several decades of research indicated that early childhood education and care (ECEC) can have a positive effect on children’s educational, cognitive, behavioural and social outcomes, in both the short and long term, particularly if it is of good quality.

Impact of shared decision-making family meetings on children’s out-of-home care, family empowerment and satisfaction: A systematic review

Added: 13/02/2020 Category: Family, Health, Looked after children, Professionalism

This review comprehensively identified and assessed the evidence of the effect of shared decision-making family meetings in reducing the need for placing children in out-of-home care, and increasing family reunification, family empowerment and satisfaction, as well as reviewing the published literature on the cost- effectiveness of shared decision-making family meetings.

UK Poverty 2019/20

Added: 10/02/2020 Category: Family, Health

This is the 2019/20 edition of JRF’s annual report on the nature and scale of poverty across the UK and how it affects people who are caught in its grip. For a decent standard of living, we all need security and stability in our lives – secure housing, a reliable income, and support when things get difficult. For too many of us, there is no such security. Millions of people in the UK are struggling to get by, leading insecure and precarious lives, held back from improving their living standards. It’s time to take action on poverty and put this right. In this report we set out what we need to do to turn the tide on poverty.

The state of children’s mental health services

Added: 29/01/2020 Category: Health

“Across my work as Children’s Commissioner, mental health remains the issue children raise with me most often. Children are now more aware of their own mental health, and much more prepared to discuss it. This is very welcome. But children are also aware of how hard it is to get help, for them or for their friends. Access to support remains the biggest issue for children’s mental health services.”

Health matters: community-centred approaches for health and wellbeing

Added: 28/02/2018 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Health

This professional resource focuses on the concept and practice of community-centred approaches for health and wellbeing and outlines how to create the conditions for community assets to thrive.

Heads Up! a toolkit of sessions to run with young people to promote mental health and emotional well-being

Added: 03/08/2015 Category: Health

This toolkit is designed to work flexibly as a fifteen hour programme, or as individual sessions (or a linked series of sessions). The time spent taking part in the programme can go towards one or more Challenges of a Bronze Youth Achievement Award (YAA) or count towards the Award in Personal Achievement (AinPA).

Turning the tide against online child sexual abuse (The Police Foundation)

Added: 19/07/2022 Category: Online, Safeguarding

The internet has enabled the production and consumption of Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) on an industrial scale. It has also created new opportunities for adults to sexually abuse and exploit children. The volume of online child sexual abuse offences is now so great that it has simply overwhelmed the ability of law enforcement agencies, internationally, to respond.

Finding out your child has been harmed through technology assisted Child Sexual Abuse

Added: 29/06/2022 Category: Family, Online, Safeguarding

As parents we want to keep our children safe and protected from harm. It is one of the primary drivers of being a parent – the balance between allowing our children to develop into independent adults, while protecting them from as much hurt as possible. But despite our best intentions, harm happens and sometimes we have to face the unimaginable truth that our child has been sexually abused. When this happens it is normal and natural to experience a range of emotions and responses that can be extremely difficult to process and manage. This leaflet is for parents in this situation.

Online Harms Experienced by Children and Young People: ‘Acceptable use’ and regulation

Added: 11/11/2021 Category: Online, Coronavirus

In light of the increased amount of time children and young people (CYP) have been spending online during the COVID-19 lockdowns, the Catch22 Online Harms Consultation was launched in 2020. It received responses from 22 young people, 75 frontline professionals, representatives from tech platforms and Commissioners, on the challenges of online harm.

‘Through these walls’: Report Harmful Content annual report 2021

Added: 23/06/2021 Category: Online

Through These Walls seeks to get to the heart of harmful content reporting over the past year, not only regarding harmful content proliferation during COVID-19 lockdowns, but also public attitudes towards identifying and raising incidents with an official dispute resolution service. The report offers a detailed look into the particular types of harmful content flagged, and a breakdown and analysis of the most common forms.

Parental Controls information: Sony Playstation 5

Added: 03/03/2021 Category: Online

Learn how to set up parental controls and manage your child’s use of games, apps, and features on the PS5 console. The PS5 includes parental controls and spending limits that work alongside family management and play time controls.

Young people’s mental and emotional wellbeing

Added: 27/01/2021 Category: Health, Online

Over recent years there has been an improved understanding of the importance of good emotional and mental health, alongside growing concern about the apparently increasing prevalence of mental health problems in society. Children’s mental and emotional health is understood to be a major issue – because of the number of children who experience problems; the potential impacts of this on health, education and longer- term outcomes; and the strong association between mental health problems in childhood and in adulthood.

Sharing nudes and semi-nudes: advice for education settings working with children and young people

Added: 23/12/2020 Category: Education, Online, Safeguarding

This advice is for designated safeguarding leads (DSLs), their deputies, headteachers and senior leadership teams in schools and educational establishments in England. Other members of staff should see a one-page summary on how to manage incidents available on the UK Council for Internet Safety’s (UKCIS’) website. This document may also act as good practice advice for out-of-school settings providing education for children and young people in England (e.g. extracurricular clubs, youth organisations and providers).

Sharing nudes and semi-nudes: how to respond to an incident

Added: 20/12/2020 Category: Education, Online, Professionalism

An overview for all staff working in education settings in England. This document provides a brief overview for frontline staff of how to respond to incidents where nudes and semi-nudes have been shared. All such incidents should be immediately reported to the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) or equivalent and managed in line with your setting’s child protection policies.

When to call the police: Guidance for schools & colleges (NPCC)

Added: 07/08/2020 Category: Drugs, Education, Online, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This advice is for school and college staff with responsibility for behaviour management, including designated safeguarding leads (DSLs), their deputies, head teachers and senior leadership teams in schools and colleges in England. This advice covers incidents on school and college premises where students have potentially committed a crime. It provides guidance on what schools and colleges should bear in mind when considering contacting the police.

Covid-19: Expectations and Effects on Children Online

Added: 20/06/2020 Category: Online, Coronavirus

Covid-19 has affected the lives of billions of people across the world, with unprecedented peacetime restrictions imposed. The reaction has been an extraordinary digital migration; a migration online to maintain some form of normality in terms of social, economic, entertainment and learning. In this resource, David Wright (Director of UK Safer Internet Centre) looks at the expectations and effects COVID-19 has had towards children online. This report breaks down the key findings:

Report Harmful Content Launch Annual Report

Added: 13/05/2020 Category: Online, Safeguarding

Report Harmful Content has just released its annual report into the findings surrounding harmful content online. This report presents results of mixed-methods research carried out on all cases dealt within the first year of operation (January 2019-December 2019). In the year analysed, the RHC website received 9,282 visitors and practitioners dealt with 164 unique cases. The service’s popularity rapidly increased in September, following the official service launch, and continued to grow until the end of the year.

TikTok Checklist

Added: 02/03/2020 Category: Online

The TikTok Checklist provides all the information about the app and how to stay safe

Roblox checklist

Added: 02/03/2020 Category: Online

Roblox is an online multiplayer game creation platform. Play online or create your own games and virtual worlds using Roblox Studio. There are a wide variety of games hosted on the site, from racing and role-playing games to simulations and obstacle courses. Roblox has a community made up of players and developers of many ages. There are a number of reporting and parental controls.

Learning about online sexual harm

Added: 30/11/2019 Category: Online, Safeguarding

This research was commissioned by the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (the Inquiry), as part of its investigation into institutional responses to child sexual abuse and exploitation facilitated by the internet.

Thinking about staying safe on the internet (Easy Read)

Added: 01/03/2018 Category: Online

Short document giving general internet safety advice for young people and adults in Easy Read Format

Safeguarding and radicalisation: learning from children’s social care Research report

Added: 30/06/2021 Category: Politics, Prevent

This report presents findings from exploratory research commissioned by the Department for Education (DfE) in order to update their understanding of how radicalisation is being addressed in children’s social care. The research took place between September 2020 and March 2021. It draws together and builds on learning across the children’s social care sector and key partners in relation to managing cases of radicalisation and extremism.

Turning the tide against online child sexual abuse (The Police Foundation)

Added: 19/07/2022 Category: Online, Safeguarding

The internet has enabled the production and consumption of Child Sexual Abuse Material (CSAM) on an industrial scale. It has also created new opportunities for adults to sexually abuse and exploit children. The volume of online child sexual abuse offences is now so great that it has simply overwhelmed the ability of law enforcement agencies, internationally, to respond.

Finding out your child has been harmed through technology assisted Child Sexual Abuse

Added: 29/06/2022 Category: Family, Online, Safeguarding

As parents we want to keep our children safe and protected from harm. It is one of the primary drivers of being a parent – the balance between allowing our children to develop into independent adults, while protecting them from as much hurt as possible. But despite our best intentions, harm happens and sometimes we have to face the unimaginable truth that our child has been sexually abused. When this happens it is normal and natural to experience a range of emotions and responses that can be extremely difficult to process and manage. This leaflet is for parents in this situation.

Keeping children safe in education 2022 Statutory guidance for schools and colleges

Added: 25/05/2022 Category: Education, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This is statutory guidance from the Department for Education (‘the Department’) issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002 (as amended), the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014, the Non-Maintained Special Schools (England) Regulations 2015 and the Apprenticeships, Skills, Children and Learning Act 2009 (as amended). Schools and colleges in England must have regard to it when carrying out their duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. For the purposes of this guidance children includes everyone under the age of 18.

How is Together for Childhood bringing about change for local communities?

Added: 16/05/2022 Category: Safeguarding

Imagine a community where all children are safe from abuse. Where every child gets the best start in life and has trusted adults they can turn to for support. Where every adult takes responsibility for keeping children safe in their community and knows where to get advice and support if they are worried about a child. Where every organisation working with children comes together to keep children safe.

Supporting parents and carers: A guide for those working with families affected by child sexual abuse

Added: 23/03/2022 Category: Family, Safeguarding

This guide is designed to help professionals understand more about how child sexual abuse affects parents and their children, so that they can support them effectively. It includes situations where the child has been sexually abused by an adult or adults or experienced another child’s harmful sexual behaviour, whether this has taken place inside or outside their family environment. It explores the impact of child sexual abuse carried out in different contexts, and how such abuse can affect families differently. It explains why parents need to receive a supportive response from professionals, and what this involves, and it provides lists of resources and sources of support for professionals to support their work and share with the parents they are working with.

Child sexual exploitation by organised networks

Added: 01/02/2022 Category: Exploitation, Professionalism, Safeguarding

The sexual exploitation of children by networks is not a rare problem confined to a small number of areas with high-profile criminal cases. It is a crime which involves the sexual abuse of children in the most degrading and destructive ways, by multiple perpetrators.

Appropriate Language in Relation to Child Exploitation

Added: 20/01/2022 Category: Exploitation, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This document seeks to provide guidance to professionals on the appropriate use of language when discussing children and their experience of exploitation in a range of contexts.
These include when speaking directly with or discussing children, within recording and case management systems and when delivering relevant training or other learning interventions.

Out of Harm’s Way: A new care system to protect vulnerable teenagers at risk of exploitation and crime’

Added: 29/12/2021 Category: Professionalism, Safeguarding

Anne Longfield, chair of the Commission on Young Lives, is today (Wednesday 29th December) publishing ‘Out of Harm’s Way: A new care system to protect vulnerable teenagers at risk of exploitation and crime’, the first report of a year-long series of reports into teenagers at risk. The Commission launched in September 2021 and is hosted by the Oasis Charitable Trust.

Child trafficking in the UK 2021: a snapshot

Added: 23/12/2021 Category: Exploitation, Safeguarding

The Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner and ECPAT UK (Every Child Protected Against Trafficking) have launched a report providing an outline of child trafficking in the UK between October 2020 and October 2021. The report provides the latest data, policy developments and examples of both promising practice and challenges faced by practitioners.

Police disruption of child sexual abuse: Findings from a national survey of frontline personnel and strategic leads for safeguarding

Added: 20/12/2021 Category: Professionalism, Safeguarding

This research study was commissioned by the Centre of expertise on child sexual abuse (CSA Centre) to explore the ways in which police forces across England and Wales seek to disrupt child sexual abuse.

Sexual Abuse Online Helping my autistic child

Added: 09/12/2021 Category: Health, Safeguarding

ACT and The Marie Collins Foundation have collaborated to produce a resource to help parents and children understand various online risks.
The resource is a leaflet called “Sexual Abuse Online – Helping My Autistic Child.” It’s available as an online PDF, but you can also contact ACT or The Marie Collins Foundation to request a hard copy.

Punishing Abuse Children in the West Midlands Criminal Justice System

Added: 01/12/2021 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Professionalism, Safeguarding, Youth Justice

We know that the local authorities, schools, police, other vital public services and organisations within our essential voluntary and community sectors, are working tirelessly to improve the lives of children across the West Midlands. A crucial part of this is their work to help some of our most vulnerable children cope with the fallout from poverty, and, sadly experiences of trauma.

I wanted to be heard: Young women in the criminal justice system at risk of violence, abuse and exploitation

Added: 23/09/2021 Category: Professionalism, Safeguarding, Youth Justice

This briefing paper is about young women aged 17–25 in contact with the criminal justice system and their experiences of violence, abuse and exploitation which are often overlooked. In particular, it highlights the experiences of Black and minoritised young woman and young women with experience of the care system as both groups are over- represented in the criminal justice system.

Independent Review into Child Sexual Abuse in Football 1970-2005

Added: 17/03/2021 Category: Safeguarding

The FA has today published Clive Sheldon QC’s independent report into allegations of non-recent child sexual abuse in football.

Keeping children safe in education (2020): Statutory guidance for schools and colleges

Added: 28/01/2021 Category: Education, Safeguarding

Update – January 2021 (Post EU Exit). This is statutory guidance from the Department for Education (the department) issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002, the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014, and the Non-Maintained Special Schools (England) Regulations 2015. Schools and colleges in England must have regard to it when carrying out their duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. For the purposes of this guidance children includes everyone under the age of 18.

Tackling Child Sexual Abuse Strategy

Added: 22/01/2021 Category: Professionalism, Safeguarding

The Tackling Child Sexual Abuse Strategy sets out our whole-system response to all forms of child sexual abuse. This strategy is the first of its kind in setting out the government’s vision for preventing, tackling and responding to child sexual abuse in all its forms, whether it is committed in person or online, in families or communities, here in this country or overseas.

Sharing nudes and semi-nudes: advice for education settings working with children and young people

Added: 23/12/2020 Category: Education, Online, Safeguarding

This advice is for designated safeguarding leads (DSLs), their deputies, headteachers and senior leadership teams in schools and educational establishments in England. Other members of staff should see a one-page summary on how to manage incidents available on the UK Council for Internet Safety’s (UKCIS’) website. This document may also act as good practice advice for out-of-school settings providing education for children and young people in England (e.g. extracurricular clubs, youth organisations and providers).

At last there is someone I can talk to

Added: 11/12/2020 Category: Domestic Abuse, Health, Safeguarding

Children are to be recognised as victims of domestic abuse in their own right in the new Domestic Abuse Bill. When the Bill receives Royal Assent, the Government, organisations and professionals who come into contact with children will need to demonstrate the ways in which this recognition has changed and improved the services and support that are available for the children in their care.

How safe are our children?

Added: 26/08/2020 Category: Safeguarding

An overview of data on abuse of adolescents – Since 2013, our annual How safe are our children? report has compiled and analysed data from across the UK to show the current child protection landscape. In 2020, for the first time, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) took on this task. We took this opportunity to refocus our annual report. This year we’ve looked in more detail at statistics relating to abuse perpetrated against adolescents. We’ve also included an overview of emerging data on the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the safety of children and young people in the UK.

A review of what works in multi-agency decision making and the implications for child victims of trafficking

Added: 14/08/2020 Category: Professionalism, Safeguarding

ECPAT UK and the Office of the Independent Anti-Slavery Commissioner have produced a review into models of multi-agency decision making in the UK. A review of what works in multi-agency decision making and the implications for child victims of trafficking makes recommendations for best practice in multi-agency decision making for child victims of trafficking, including potential future devolved decision-making in the National Referral Mechanism.

When to call the police: Guidance for schools & colleges (NPCC)

Added: 07/08/2020 Category: Drugs, Education, Online, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This advice is for school and college staff with responsibility for behaviour management, including designated safeguarding leads (DSLs), their deputies, head teachers and senior leadership teams in schools and colleges in England. This advice covers incidents on school and college premises where students have potentially committed a crime. It provides guidance on what schools and colleges should bear in mind when considering contacting the police.

Building a country that works for all children post covid-19 (ADCS Discussion Paper)

Added: 14/07/2020 Category: Safeguarding, Coronavirus

All communities and every aspect of children’s services have been affected by Covid-19, however, experiences have varied greatly, and for some, this period will have been exceedingly difficult and traumatic. The purpose of this short discussion paper is three-fold: to put children, young people and their lived experiences of Covid-19 front and centre in national recovery planning; to articulate what is needed to restore the public support services they rely on; and, to capture the positives and gains made during a very complex national, and indeed, global emergency.

Report Harmful Content Launch Annual Report

Added: 13/05/2020 Category: Online, Safeguarding

Report Harmful Content has just released its annual report into the findings surrounding harmful content online. This report presents results of mixed-methods research carried out on all cases dealt within the first year of operation (January 2019-December 2019). In the year analysed, the RHC website received 9,282 visitors and practitioners dealt with 164 unique cases. The service’s popularity rapidly increased in September, following the official service launch, and continued to grow until the end of the year.

We’re all in this together?

Added: 23/04/2020 Category: Drugs, Professionalism, Safeguarding, Coronavirus

The Children’s Commissioner’s local area profiles of child vulnerability provide a way for councils to understand which groups of children are likely to be at risk under lockdown, and how many children in their area fall into those groups. It also provides a framework for central government to target additional resources at the areas most in need.

Learning about online sexual harm

Added: 30/11/2019 Category: Online, Safeguarding

This research was commissioned by the Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse (the Inquiry), as part of its investigation into institutional responses to child sexual abuse and exploitation facilitated by the internet.

Keeping children safe in education – Statutory guidance for schools and colleges

Added: 01/10/2019 Category: Education, Professionalism, Safeguarding

This is statutory guidance from the Department for Education (the department) issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002, the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014, and the Non-Maintained Special Schools (England) Regulations 2015. Schools and colleges in England must have regard to it when carrying out their duties to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. For the purposes of this guidance children includes everyone under the age of 18.

Childhood trauma, the brain and the social world: A short guide about the importance of social relationships for mental health

Added: 01/07/2022 Category: Early Intervention/ACE

“In this guide, we share some of the latest research looking at how brain changes following trauma can affect a child’s social world. We consider how adults and systems can help build a better social world.”

Toward a system that heals: Exploring empathy and its application to youth justice and children’s education, health and social care services.

Added: 24/06/2022 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Health, Professionalism

Through the report I will comment on love, kindness and compassion in systems, and I realise as I come to conclude the writing of this report, that actually empathy is an intentional ‘doing’ word, and that in fact empathy is the driver to love, kindness and compassionate action that leads to ‘empathic interactions’, and increases connection between service providers and those who use the services.

Causes and Impact of Offending and Criminal Justice Pathways: Follow-up of the Edinburgh Study Cohort at Age 35

Added: 14/03/2022 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Youth Justice

The Edinburgh Study is a major programme of research that spans more than two decades and involves over 4,000 individual cohort members who were attending schools in Scotland’s capital city at the turn of the 21st Century. The Study has always relied on the cooperation, goodwill and enthusiasm of its participants who have given their time generously to support the overall aims of the research in improving the lives of children, young people and adults involved in offending or in contact with systems of justice.

Punishing Abuse Children in the West Midlands Criminal Justice System

Added: 01/12/2021 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Professionalism, Safeguarding, Youth Justice

We know that the local authorities, schools, police, other vital public services and organisations within our essential voluntary and community sectors, are working tirelessly to improve the lives of children across the West Midlands. A crucial part of this is their work to help some of our most vulnerable children cope with the fallout from poverty, and, sadly experiences of trauma.

The role of public services in addressing child vulnerability

Added: 19/11/2021 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Health

“Our second major inquiry, ‘The role of public services in addressing child vulnerability’ will ask whether reforming public services can address the growing problem of child vulnerability. The inquiry will cover how public services support mothers and families during pregnancy, and how they support children in their early years and school years”. (UK Parliament)

Adverse Childhood Experience Trauma Informed Multi-agency Early Action Together (ACE TIME) training: A 15-month police and partners

Added: 22/12/2020 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Family, Professionalism

Funded by the Home Office to deliver a national programme of change across Wales (2018-2020), the E.A.T programme is a unique collaboration between Public Health Wales (PHW), the four Welsh Police Forces and Police and Crime Commissioners, in partnership with Criminal Justice, Youth Justice, and third sector organisations.

Realising the potential of early intervention

Added: 01/10/2018 Category: Early Intervention/ACE

Too many children are facing challenges or disadvantages that can affect their development and threaten their future life chances, health and happiness.

Health matters: community-centred approaches for health and wellbeing

Added: 28/02/2018 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Health

This professional resource focuses on the concept and practice of community-centred approaches for health and wellbeing and outlines how to create the conditions for community assets to thrive.

In-brief: Trauma-informed youth justice

Added: 01/09/2017 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Youth Justice

Trauma can result from experiences that cause intense fear or pain, overwhelming the ability to cope. For instance physical or emotional cruelty, sexual abuse, or witnessing violence. Risky or traumatic events are not rare, and will not always cause long-term harm. However some young people require on-going support to recover.

The cost of late intervention: EIF analysis 2016

Added: 17/11/2016 Category: Early Intervention/ACE

This report focuses on the immediate and short-run fiscal costs of what we call ‘late intervention’: the acute, statutory and essential benefits and services that are required when children and young people experience significant difficulties in life, many of which might have been prevented.

Welsh Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study: Adverse Childhood Experiences

Added: 01/03/2015 Category: Early Intervention/ACE

This is one in a series of reports examining the prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in the Welsh adult population and their impact on health and well-being across the life course.

Child to Parent Abuse (Dr Amanda Holt, HM Inspectorate of Probation)

Added: 24/08/2022 Category: Family, Health, Violence

There is now compelling research evidence about the impacts of child to parent abuse on families. Aside from the physical injuries caused by the violence, there are wider impacts for parents/carers in terms of their psychological health (e.g. anxiety and depression), financial harms (e.g. loss of income and home, property damage), family relationships (e.g. marital conflict), and harms to social life (including social withdrawal and isolation) (Holt, 2016).

Tackling violence against women and girls strategy (easy read version)

Added: 21/11/2021 Category: Diversity, Violence, Violence against Women and Girls

Crimes of violence against women and girls include rape and other sexual offences. Stalking, domestic abuse, ‘honour-based’ abuse (including female genital mutilation, forced marriage and ‘honour’ killings), ‘revenge porn’, ‘upskirting’ and many others.

Tackling violence against women and girls strategy

Added: 18/11/2021 Category: Diversity, Violence, Violence against Women and Girls

Violence against women and girls is an unacceptable, preventable issue which blights the lives of millions. Crimes of violence against women and girls are many and varied. They include rape and other sexual offences, stalking, domestic abuse, ‘honour- based’ abuse (including female genital mutilation and forced marriage and ‘honour’ killings), ‘revenge porn’ and ‘upskirting’, as well as many others. While different types of violence against women and girls have their own distinct causes and impacts on victims and survivors, what these crimes share is that they disproportionately affect women and girls.

Unsocial Spaces

Added: 01/10/2021 Category: Domestic Abuse, Violence, Harmful Sexual Behaviour

Domestic abuse is getting ‘smarter’. When Refuge first started work 50 years ago, domestic abuse was widely thought of as black eyes and broken bones. The reality for women now is that domestic abuse can take many different, insidious forms. One of those is tech abuse – where perpetrators use technology to harass, stalk, intimidate and control women.

Beating Crime Plan

Added: 27/07/2021 Category: Violence, Youth Justice

The Beating Crime Plan sets out our strategic approach to cutting crime: cutting homicide, serious violence and neighbourhood crime; exposing and ending hidden harms; and building capability and capacity to deal with fraud and online crime.

Still not safe

Added: 06/02/2021 Category: Drugs, Violence

This report shows that the vast majority of Local Authorities do not have a sufficient grip on the drivers for youth violence in their areas, nor do they have a cogent strategy to reduce risk factors in vulnerable cohorts. Most were not tracking local school exclusions – widely acknowledged as a trigger for a significant escalation of risk for children. Drug misuse is also a key risk factor for gang exploitation, however the numbers of children accessing drug treatment has fallen by 41% nationally.

Youth Violence Commission Final Report

Added: 17/07/2020 Category: Professionalism, Violence

Since the production of this report in March 2020, the world has faced the unprecedented threat of COVID-19. In light of this unique situation, we felt it was important to add an addendum to our original report addressing the impact of COVID-19 and implications for our findings and recommendations.

Securing a brighter future: The role of youth services in tackling knife crime

Added: 11/03/2020 Category: Politics, Violence

Serious violence has doubled, and too many young people are dying on our streets. While enforcement will always be a key part of our response to this epidemic, there is clear evidence that Government investment can achieve better outcomes if it prioritises preventing violence at its roots – such as investment in youth services – than dealing with its consequences.

Lives, not Knives: Young People’s perspectives on knife crime

Added: 27/02/2020 Category: Violence

New report from Nacro calls for action on youth knife crime crisis as cautions and convictions for carrying knives in England and Wales reach record highs. A new report from social justice charity, Nacro, reveals that young people believe fear is the main reason behind carrying knives, and that tougher penalties and longer prison sentences do not deter young people from carrying knives.

Our Generation’s Epidemic: Knife Crime

Added: 14/02/2020 Category: Violence, Weapons

Knife crime affects people of all ages and backgrounds across the country, and all too often both perpetrator and victim are young people. However, throughout our inquiry we heard evidence that a young person’s risk of getting involved in knife crime is dramatically different between different groups of young people. Young people who for example experience mental health issues, adverse childhood experiences, have learning difficulties, live in poverty or are excluded from school are more likely to be vulnerable to involvement in knife crime.

Criminal exploitation of children and vulnerable adults: county lines

Added: 08/11/2018 Category: County Lines, Drugs, Violence

This guidance outlines what county lines (and associated criminal exploitation) is, signs to look for in potential victims, and what to do about it. It does not provide information about the entirety of the county lines issue. The document is a supplement to an organisation’s existing safeguarding policies, to help identify and protect those exploited through this criminal activity.

Preventing violence: evaluating outcomes of parenting programmes

Added: 30/09/2013 Category: Family, Professionalism, Violence

The publication focuses on parenting programmes to prevent child maltreatment and other forms of violence later in life such as youth and intimate partner violence.

The identification of safety concerns relating to children (The identification of safety concerns relating to children)

Added: 23/09/2022 Category: Youth Justice

A key objective for those delivering youth offending services is to keep children and other people safe, which sits alongside and supports the all-important nurturing and strengths-focused work that helps children to realise their potential. The focus in this bulletin is upon the assessment stage of youth justice work, recognising that it is vital to identify all potential safety concerns and sources of harm in order to mitigate and prevent any dangers.

Education inside penal detention for children in England

Added: 01/07/2022 Category: Education, Youth Justice

Educational provision in prisons and secure training centres is woefully inadequate for children in both quantity and quality. This guide outlines key steps that practitioners can take to address the problem. Published jointly by the Howard League for Penal Reform and Independent Provider of Special Education Advice (IPSEA), it reveals that more than two-thirds of children in custody have special educational needs.

Young Justice Advisors 2022

Added: 31/05/2022 Category: Looked after children, Youth Justice

This report has been co-produced by Leaders Unlocked and the Young Justice Advisors, a team of young adults aged 18-30 with lived experience of the criminal justice and care systems. The Young Justice Advisors work to highlight the voice of lived experience, and advocate for lived experience to inform policy and practice changes at the national level.

The education and social care background of young people who interact with the criminal justice system: May 2022

Added: 01/05/2022 Category: Looked after children, Politics, Youth Justice

Examining educational attainment and provision, social care provision and demographics of young people educated in England who subsequently received a custodial sentence, and comparing with their peers who did not.

“We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system

Added: 31/03/2022 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice

This report is about girls and young women aged 17 to 25 years old in contact with the criminal justice system. In particular, it highlights the experiences of Black, Asian and minoritised young women, and young women with experience of the care system as both groups are overrepresented in the criminal justice system.

Causes and Impact of Offending and Criminal Justice Pathways: Follow-up of the Edinburgh Study Cohort at Age 35

Added: 14/03/2022 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Youth Justice

The Edinburgh Study is a major programme of research that spans more than two decades and involves over 4,000 individual cohort members who were attending schools in Scotland’s capital city at the turn of the 21st Century. The Study has always relied on the cooperation, goodwill and enthusiasm of its participants who have given their time generously to support the overall aims of the research in improving the lives of children, young people and adults involved in offending or in contact with systems of justice.

“We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system

Added: 04/03/2022 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice

“Our new briefing, “We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system with the Alliance for Youth Justice (AYJ) looks into young women’s pathways into the criminal justice system in collaboration with young women and expert practitioners. Our research lays bare the experiences of girls and young women in the criminal justice system and calls on the Ministry of Justice to make urgent reforms, showing that without immediate attention, girls and young women will remain marginalised and locked in a cycle of harm, inequality, and re-offending.”

‘It’s a Hard Balance to Find’: The Perspectives of Youth Justice Practitioners in England on the Place of ‘Risk’ in an Emerging ‘Child-First’ World

Added: 24/02/2022 Category: Youth Justice

In recent years, there has been a shift in youth justice central policy narratives in England and Wales away from risk assessment and management and towards child first. However, this shift is meeting with a number of challenges on the ground. The reasons for this have been conceptualised as resistance and reticence, contradiction and bifurcation and confusion about competing narratives emerging from different UK government departments about how to meet the statutory requirement to ‘prevent’ youth offending.

Navigating the criminal justice system: A guide for voluntary organisations working in the criminal justice system in England and Wales

Added: 31/01/2022 Category: Youth Justice

This guide is aimed at people working or volunteering for voluntary organisations that support people in the criminal justice system. The criminal justice system in England and Wales can be daunting to understand because of both its size and complexity. This guide aims to help you understand how the criminal justice system is organised and how it works.

Youth justice statistics: 2020 to 2021

Added: 27/01/2022 Category: Youth Justice

This publication looks at the youth justice system in England and Wales for the year ending March 2021. It considers the number of children (those aged 10-17) in the system, the offences they committed, the outcomes they received, their demographics and the trends over time.

Punishing Abuse Children in the West Midlands Criminal Justice System

Added: 01/12/2021 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Professionalism, Safeguarding, Youth Justice

We know that the local authorities, schools, police, other vital public services and organisations within our essential voluntary and community sectors, are working tirelessly to improve the lives of children across the West Midlands. A crucial part of this is their work to help some of our most vulnerable children cope with the fallout from poverty, and, sadly experiences of trauma.

Out of sight: Girls in the Children and Young People’s Secure Estate

Added: 05/11/2021 Category: Diversity, Law, Youth Justice

Evidence suggests that girls in the Children and Young People Secure Estate (CYPSE) are a highly vulnerable group. Like boys, their pathways into these settings are closely linked with histories of childhood exposure to multiple traumatic events. However, studies suggest that girls in secure and residential child protection settings have the very highest levels of exposure to childhood adversities and developmental trauma with particularly higher experiences of physical and sexual abuse and ongoing victimisation compared with boys.

The experiences of black and mixed heritage boys in the youth justice system

Added: 21/10/2021 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice

This fieldwork for this inspection took place between April and June 2021. The trial for the murder of George Floyd ran alongside it and concluded during this time. The impact of this case and the rise and influence of the Black Lives Matter movement were strongly felt in almost every service we visited during this inspection. It was clear that these events have reignited overdue discussion about racial discrimination and its impact.

I wanted to be heard: Young women in the criminal justice system at risk of violence, abuse and exploitation

Added: 23/09/2021 Category: Professionalism, Safeguarding, Youth Justice

This briefing paper is about young women aged 17–25 in contact with the criminal justice system and their experiences of violence, abuse and exploitation which are often overlooked. In particular, it highlights the experiences of Black and minoritised young woman and young women with experience of the care system as both groups are over- represented in the criminal justice system.

What’s wrong with remanding children to prison?: Remand briefing one: Emerging themes

Added: 23/09/2021 Category: Youth Justice

Remanding a child to custody disrupts their life, their plans for the future and their relationships with friends and family. Penal institutions are always harmful and (re)traumatising for children (Gooch, 2016; Peterson-Young, 2021). Children’s experiences in custody became far worse during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Youth Justice Board Annual Report and Accounts, 2020 to 2021

Added: 16/09/2021 Category: Law, Youth Justice

During 2020/21 we continued to champion the evidence-informed Child First guiding principle which sees children as children first. This was a key priority for us in the past year and will be into 2021/22 and beyond. To make further long-term progress, system changes are needed to achieve a Child First system and help children to reach their potential. This not only benefits children, but all of society. We recognise this will take time and in our new strategic plan for 2021-24 we have set out Child First as a guiding principle for us and the sector. It underpins our strategic pillars and is at the heart of all we do. It also informs our decision-making and engagement at all levels.

Neurodiversity – a whole-child approach for youth justice

Added: 01/08/2021 Category: Health, Professionalism, Youth Justice

Neurodiversity means that everyone’s brains are differently connected. The term is thought to have been coined by Australian sociologist Judy Singer in the late 1990s. It was a plea to move from seeing diagnosis of conditions such as dyslexia and autism as disorders with a focus on cure and prevention (known as a medical model) to a more social model of disability.

Creating developmentally appropriate responses to young adults at risk of, or involved in, offending

Added: 28/07/2021 Category: Law, Politics, Professionalism, Youth Justice

The Transition to Adulthood Alliance run by the Barrow Cadbury Trust has funded a collection of projects to build the evidence base on effective engagement with young adults at risk of, or involved in, offending. The Alliance has worked in partnership with the Revolving Doors Agency, the Centre for Justice Innovation, the Police Foundation and the Criminal Justice Alliance to examine policing practice and identify evidence-based and emerging approaches being delivered by the police and/or funded by Police and Crime Commissioners.

Beating Crime Plan

Added: 27/07/2021 Category: Violence, Youth Justice

The Beating Crime Plan sets out our strategic approach to cutting crime: cutting homicide, serious violence and neighbourhood crime; exposing and ending hidden harms; and building capability and capacity to deal with fraud and online crime.

The Youth Justice System’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Literature Review

Added: 21/07/2021 Category: Youth Justice, Coronavirus

The report considers the impacts of the pandemic across each stage of the youth justice system, and brings together available evidence from three main areas: children in the community, children in court, and children in custody. While the impacts of the pandemic continue to emerge, the scope of this review is primarily focused on documenting the developments in the first year of the pandemic. The review aims to document this exceptional period for youth justice, exploring the policy and practice responses, and the available evidence about the impacts on children.

Evidence review: diverting young adults away from the cycle of crisis and crime

Added: 14/07/2021 Category: Law, Professionalism, Youth Justice

Too many young people come into criminal justice system because of multiple unmet needs. Diverting them into support and treatment can help them to grow out of a cycle of crisis and crime and realise their full potential. The right support can reduce crime in local areas and prevent future victims of gangs and exploitation.

Criminal Practice Directions

Added: 25/06/2021 Category: Law, Professionalism, Youth Justice

This legal guide is intended to assist lawyers representing children in the criminal courts and explains how the Criminal Practice Directions1 can support in this context. The Criminal Practice Directions supplement the Criminal Procedure Rules by guiding judicial discretion, detailing a range of adjustments that should be considered in all criminal cases that involve children. Throughout this guide, we refer to both the Rules, the CrimPR, and the Practice Directions, the CrimPD.

Working with Girls and Bullying: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service

Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Bullying, Diversity, Youth Justice

The Youth Custody Service have produced a short briefing concerned with working with girls and bullying. The briefing is intended to enable staff to identify bullying amongst girls and equip practitioners with effective solutions to identify and address bullying in a variety of scenarios. The briefing investigates the complexity and motives of bullying, the experience for girls and how this manifests in different settings to allow practitioners to both support and help the victims and perpetrators.

Supporting Children who are Black, Asian or Have Specific Cultural or Religious Needs: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service

Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice

The YCS have created a briefing concerning supporting children who are Black, Asian or have specific cultural or religious needs. Children within the secure estate represent many different cultures and religious beliefs and therefore the importance for staff to be equipped with the knowledge and practical solutions to support the children and young people in their care is paramount. The text discusses themes of food, clothing, personal care, events and measures to embrace the opportunities to understand and raise awareness that different needs require different types of support.

Supporting Muslim Children: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service

Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice

This briefing covers a range of practice that will enable staff to understand and respond to the needs of children who follow the Islamic faith. It suggests a range of very practical measures to help staff demonstrate that they have considered and responded to the child’s individual circumstances which may help to minimise any unnecessary barriers to engagement and building trust.

Youth Defendants in the Crown Court

Added: 09/03/2021 Category: Law, Youth Justice

In April 2016 the Judicial College published the ‘Youths in the Crown Court Toolkit’ in order to bring together in one place the guidance available to Crown Court judges in relation to defendants under the age of 18. Now and almost 5 years later comes this publication. Not only does it update the materials in the earlier toolkit but it also significantly expands the scope of the earlier toolkit. What previously was dealt with in just over 30 pages now covers over 150 pages. The expanded work brings together in one place everything relating to young defendants that a Crown Court judge needs to know. It is an essential reference tool for any judge who has to deal with a young defendant in the Crown Court.

Maturity in the magistrates’ court: Magistrates, young adults and maturity considerations in decision-making and sentencing

Added: 08/03/2021 Category: Law, Youth Justice

Research has demonstrated that the biological and psychological processes of developing maturity continue into a person’s mid-20s. Countries across Europe are responding to this research by reconsidering how they treat 18-25 year olds in their criminal justice systems. In the United Kingdom, the T2A (Transition to Adulthood) programme has led much of the work.

Ensuring custody is a last resort for children

Added: 11/06/2020 Category: Law, Youth Justice

SCYJ is proud to publish a new report, Ensuring custody is the last resort for children in England and Wales, developed with an expert group of SCYJ members

Ending the detention of unsentenced children during the Covid-19 pandemic – A guide for practitioners

Added: 20/05/2020 Category: Law, Youth Justice, Coronavirus

Custody is a damaging environment for children in normal times but it has become even worse since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic. Severely restricted prison regimes have led to the majority of children being held in prolonged solitary confinement; no face-to-face visits; virtually no education or therapy; and difficulties in contacting families and professionals making planning for court hearings especially problematic.

Young people’s voices on youth court

Added: 15/05/2020 Category: Youth Justice

This briefing paper highlights the experiences of young people in youth courts in their own words. and draws from research conducted for our forthcoming research report, co-authored with the Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research (ICPR), Time to get it right: Enhancing problem-solving practice in the Youth Court, which is due to be published in early July.

Children in Custody 2018–19

Added: 12/02/2020 Category: Youth Justice

HM Inspectorate of Prisons, as part of our regular inspection process at secure training centres (STCs) and young offender institutions (YOIs) conducts surveys of the children who are detained in those establishments. These surveys contribute to the evidence upon which we judge the treatment and conditions experienced by those being held in custody. They are particularly valuable, not only in providing data about the perceptions at the time of the inspection, but also in giving indications of trends. This is why we consider it essential that we maintain the tempo of our inspection activity in STCs and YOIs.

Youth Justice Statistics 2018/19

Added: 30/01/2020 Category: Youth Justice

The Youth Justice System (YJS) in England and Wales works to prevent offending and reoffending by children. The YJS is different to the adult system and is structured to address the needs of children. This publication looks at the YJS in England and Wales for the year ending March 2019. It considers the number of children (those aged 10-17) in the system, the offences they committed, the outcomes they received, their demographics and the trends over time.

Strengthening youth diversion

Added: 28/01/2020 Category: Youth Justice

Point-of-arrest youth diversion can reduce crime, keep communities safer, cut costs, and create better outcomes for children.1 Point-of-arrest youth diversion gives young people the chance to avoid both formal processing (either through an out of court disposal or a prosecution in court) and a criminal record, in return for the completion of community-based interventions.

Learning the Lessons: Improving policing policy and practice

Added: 23/01/2020 Category: Professionalism, Youth Justice

Welcome to issue 37 focusing on young people, our first to be guest edited by members of the IOPC youth panel. The youth panel was created in January 2018 to help us gain greater insight into the experiences of young people, helping to inform our work.

Child arrests in England and Wales 2018 – Research briefing

Added: 18/12/2019 Category: Youth Justice

In 2010, the Howard League launched a programme to reduce the high number of child arrests in England and Wales. We have worked closely with police forces around the country to reduce the number of children coming into the criminal justice system and to prevent children’s lives being blighted by criminal records and unnecessary police contact.

The detention of young people with learning disabilities and/or autism

Added: 23/10/2019 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice

We regard ourselves as a civilised society with a respect for human rights. Most people would say we should take extra care to support young people and those who are disabled. But the brutal truth is that we are failing to protect some of the most vulnerable young people – those with learning disabilities and/or autism. And indeed, we are inflicting terrible suffering on those detained in mental health hospitals and causing anguish to their distraught families. The recent BBC Panorama programme showing taunting and abuse of patients at Whorlton Hall exposed the horrific reality for some.

Representing looked-after children at the police station: a step-by-step guide for lawyers

Added: 01/10/2019 Category: Looked after children, Professionalism, Youth Justice

The guide, jointly published by Just for Kids Law and the Howard League for Penal Reform, aims to reduce the overcriminalisation of children in care. The Howard League for Penal Reform and the Youth Justice Legal Centre at Just for Kids Law have worked together to produce the document, which offers guidance on practical steps that lawyers should take to ensure that looked-after children receive the support and assistance they need and are entitled to. Looked-after children, and particularly those living in residential care, are disproportionately criminalised, compared to other children. They are less likely to receive support from family members or another trusted adult at the police station, and they should be entitled to additional protections set out in law, policy and guidance.

National protocol on reducing criminalisation of looked-after children

Added: 17/12/2018 Category: Looked after children, Politics, Professionalism, Youth Justice

A framework to help social care and criminal justice agencies keep looked-after children out of the criminal justice system.

In-brief: Trauma-informed youth justice

Added: 01/09/2017 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Youth Justice

Trauma can result from experiences that cause intense fear or pain, overwhelming the ability to cope. For instance physical or emotional cruelty, sexual abuse, or witnessing violence. Risky or traumatic events are not rare, and will not always cause long-term harm. However some young people require on-going support to recover.