Young Justice Advisors 2022
Added: 31/05/2022 Category: Looked after children, Youth Justice
This report has been co-produced by Leaders Unlocked and the Young Justice Advisors, a team of young adults aged 18-30 with lived experience of the criminal justice and care systems. The Young Justice Advisors work to highlight the voice of lived experience, and advocate for lived experience to inform policy and practice changes at the national level.
The education and social care background of young people who interact with the criminal justice system: May 2022
Added: 01/05/2022 Category: Looked after children, Politics, Youth Justice
Examining educational attainment and provision, social care provision and demographics of young people educated in England who subsequently received a custodial sentence, and comparing with their peers who did not.
“We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system
Added: 31/03/2022 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice
This report is about girls and young women aged 17 to 25 years old in contact with the criminal justice system. In particular, it highlights the experiences of Black, Asian and minoritised young women, and young women with experience of the care system as both groups are overrepresented in the criminal justice system.
Causes and Impact of Offending and Criminal Justice Pathways: Follow-up of the Edinburgh Study Cohort at Age 35
Added: 14/03/2022 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Youth Justice
The Edinburgh Study is a major programme of research that spans more than two decades and involves over 4,000 individual cohort members who were attending schools in Scotland’s capital city at the turn of the 21st Century. The Study has always relied on the cooperation, goodwill and enthusiasm of its participants who have given their time generously to support the overall aims of the research in improving the lives of children, young people and adults involved in offending or in contact with systems of justice.
“We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system
Added: 04/03/2022 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice
“Our new briefing, “We’ve not given up”: Young women surviving the criminal justice system with the Alliance for Youth Justice (AYJ) looks into young women’s pathways into the criminal justice system in collaboration with young women and expert practitioners. Our research lays bare the experiences of girls and young women in the criminal justice system and calls on the Ministry of Justice to make urgent reforms, showing that without immediate attention, girls and young women will remain marginalised and locked in a cycle of harm, inequality, and re-offending.”
‘It’s a Hard Balance to Find’: The Perspectives of Youth Justice Practitioners in England on the Place of ‘Risk’ in an Emerging ‘Child-First’ World
Added: 24/02/2022 Category: Youth Justice
In recent years, there has been a shift in youth justice central policy narratives in England and Wales away from risk assessment and management and towards child first. However, this shift is meeting with a number of challenges on the ground. The reasons for this have been conceptualised as resistance and reticence, contradiction and bifurcation and confusion about competing narratives emerging from different UK government departments about how to meet the statutory requirement to ‘prevent’ youth offending.
Navigating the criminal justice system: A guide for voluntary organisations working in the criminal justice system in England and Wales
Added: 31/01/2022 Category: Youth Justice
This guide is aimed at people working or volunteering for voluntary organisations that support people in the criminal justice system. The criminal justice system in England and Wales can be daunting to understand because of both its size and complexity. This guide aims to help you understand how the criminal justice system is organised and how it works.
Youth justice statistics: 2020 to 2021
Added: 27/01/2022 Category: Youth Justice
This publication looks at the youth justice system in England and Wales for the year ending March 2021. It considers the number of children (those aged 10-17) in the system, the offences they committed, the outcomes they received, their demographics and the trends over time.
Punishing Abuse Children in the West Midlands Criminal Justice System
Added: 01/12/2021 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Professionalism, Safeguarding, Youth Justice
We know that the local authorities, schools, police, other vital public services and organisations within our essential voluntary and community sectors, are working tirelessly to improve the lives of children across the West Midlands. A crucial part of this is their work to help some of our most vulnerable children cope with the fallout from poverty, and, sadly experiences of trauma.
Out of sight: Girls in the Children and Young People’s Secure Estate
Added: 05/11/2021 Category: Diversity, Law, Youth Justice
Evidence suggests that girls in the Children and Young People Secure Estate (CYPSE) are a highly vulnerable group. Like boys, their pathways into these settings are closely linked with histories of childhood exposure to multiple traumatic events. However, studies suggest that girls in secure and residential child protection settings have the very highest levels of exposure to childhood adversities and developmental trauma with particularly higher experiences of physical and sexual abuse and ongoing victimisation compared with boys.
The experiences of black and mixed heritage boys in the youth justice system
Added: 21/10/2021 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice
This fieldwork for this inspection took place between April and June 2021. The trial for the murder of George Floyd ran alongside it and concluded during this time. The impact of this case and the rise and influence of the Black Lives Matter movement were strongly felt in almost every service we visited during this inspection. It was clear that these events have reignited overdue discussion about racial discrimination and its impact.
I wanted to be heard: Young women in the criminal justice system at risk of violence, abuse and exploitation
Added: 23/09/2021 Category: Professionalism, Safeguarding, Youth Justice
This briefing paper is about young women aged 17–25 in contact with the criminal justice system and their experiences of violence, abuse and exploitation which are often overlooked. In particular, it highlights the experiences of Black and minoritised young woman and young women with experience of the care system as both groups are over- represented in the criminal justice system.
What’s wrong with remanding children to prison?: Remand briefing one: Emerging themes
Added: 23/09/2021 Category: Youth Justice
Remanding a child to custody disrupts their life, their plans for the future and their relationships with friends and family. Penal institutions are always harmful and (re)traumatising for children (Gooch, 2016; Peterson-Young, 2021). Children’s experiences in custody became far worse during the Covid-19 pandemic.
Youth Justice Board Annual Report and Accounts, 2020 to 2021
Added: 16/09/2021 Category: Law, Youth Justice
During 2020/21 we continued to champion the evidence-informed Child First guiding principle which sees children as children first. This was a key priority for us in the past year and will be into 2021/22 and beyond. To make further long-term progress, system changes are needed to achieve a Child First system and help children to reach their potential. This not only benefits children, but all of society. We recognise this will take time and in our new strategic plan for 2021-24 we have set out Child First as a guiding principle for us and the sector. It underpins our strategic pillars and is at the heart of all we do. It also informs our decision-making and engagement at all levels.
Neurodiversity – a whole-child approach for youth justice
Added: 01/08/2021 Category: Health, Professionalism, Youth Justice
Neurodiversity means that everyone’s brains are differently connected. The term is thought to have been coined by Australian sociologist Judy Singer in the late 1990s. It was a plea to move from seeing diagnosis of conditions such as dyslexia and autism as disorders with a focus on cure and prevention (known as a medical model) to a more social model of disability.
Creating developmentally appropriate responses to young adults at risk of, or involved in, offending
Added: 28/07/2021 Category: Law, Politics, Professionalism, Youth Justice
The Transition to Adulthood Alliance run by the Barrow Cadbury Trust has funded a collection of projects to build the evidence base on effective engagement with young adults at risk of, or involved in, offending. The Alliance has worked in partnership with the Revolving Doors Agency, the Centre for Justice Innovation, the Police Foundation and the Criminal Justice Alliance to examine policing practice and identify evidence-based and emerging approaches being delivered by the police and/or funded by Police and Crime Commissioners.
Beating Crime Plan
Added: 27/07/2021 Category: Violence, Youth Justice
The Beating Crime Plan sets out our strategic approach to cutting crime: cutting homicide, serious violence and neighbourhood crime; exposing and ending hidden harms; and building capability and capacity to deal with fraud and online crime.
The Youth Justice System’s Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Literature Review
Added: 21/07/2021 Category: Youth Justice, Coronavirus
The report considers the impacts of the pandemic across each stage of the youth justice system, and brings together available evidence from three main areas: children in the community, children in court, and children in custody. While the impacts of the pandemic continue to emerge, the scope of this review is primarily focused on documenting the developments in the first year of the pandemic. The review aims to document this exceptional period for youth justice, exploring the policy and practice responses, and the available evidence about the impacts on children.
Evidence review: diverting young adults away from the cycle of crisis and crime
Added: 14/07/2021 Category: Law, Professionalism, Youth Justice
Too many young people come into criminal justice system because of multiple unmet needs. Diverting them into support and treatment can help them to grow out of a cycle of crisis and crime and realise their full potential. The right support can reduce crime in local areas and prevent future victims of gangs and exploitation.
Criminal Practice Directions
Added: 25/06/2021 Category: Law, Professionalism, Youth Justice
This legal guide is intended to assist lawyers representing children in the criminal courts and explains how the Criminal Practice Directions1 can support in this context. The Criminal Practice Directions supplement the Criminal Procedure Rules by guiding judicial discretion, detailing a range of adjustments that should be considered in all criminal cases that involve children. Throughout this guide, we refer to both the Rules, the CrimPR, and the Practice Directions, the CrimPD.
Working with Girls and Bullying: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service
Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Bullying, Diversity, Youth Justice
The Youth Custody Service have produced a short briefing concerned with working with girls and bullying. The briefing is intended to enable staff to identify bullying amongst girls and equip practitioners with effective solutions to identify and address bullying in a variety of scenarios. The briefing investigates the complexity and motives of bullying, the experience for girls and how this manifests in different settings to allow practitioners to both support and help the victims and perpetrators.
Supporting Children who are Black, Asian or Have Specific Cultural or Religious Needs: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service
Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice
The YCS have created a briefing concerning supporting children who are Black, Asian or have specific cultural or religious needs. Children within the secure estate represent many different cultures and religious beliefs and therefore the importance for staff to be equipped with the knowledge and practical solutions to support the children and young people in their care is paramount. The text discusses themes of food, clothing, personal care, events and measures to embrace the opportunities to understand and raise awareness that different needs require different types of support.
Supporting Muslim Children: Effective Practice Briefing – Youth Custody Service
Added: 01/06/2021 Category: Diversity, Professionalism, Youth Justice
This briefing covers a range of practice that will enable staff to understand and respond to the needs of children who follow the Islamic faith. It suggests a range of very practical measures to help staff demonstrate that they have considered and responded to the child’s individual circumstances which may help to minimise any unnecessary barriers to engagement and building trust.
Youth Defendants in the Crown Court
Added: 09/03/2021 Category: Law, Youth Justice
In April 2016 the Judicial College published the ‘Youths in the Crown Court Toolkit’ in order to bring together in one place the guidance available to Crown Court judges in relation to defendants under the age of 18. Now and almost 5 years later comes this publication. Not only does it update the materials in the earlier toolkit but it also significantly expands the scope of the earlier toolkit. What previously was dealt with in just over 30 pages now covers over 150 pages. The expanded work brings together in one place everything relating to young defendants that a Crown Court judge needs to know. It is an essential reference tool for any judge who has to deal with a young defendant in the Crown Court.
Maturity in the magistrates’ court: Magistrates, young adults and maturity considerations in decision-making and sentencing
Added: 08/03/2021 Category: Law, Youth Justice
Research has demonstrated that the biological and psychological processes of developing maturity continue into a person’s mid-20s. Countries across Europe are responding to this research by reconsidering how they treat 18-25 year olds in their criminal justice systems. In the United Kingdom, the T2A (Transition to Adulthood) programme has led much of the work.
Ensuring custody is a last resort for children
Added: 11/06/2020 Category: Law, Youth Justice
SCYJ is proud to publish a new report, Ensuring custody is the last resort for children in England and Wales, developed with an expert group of SCYJ members
Ending the detention of unsentenced children during the Covid-19 pandemic – A guide for practitioners
Added: 20/05/2020 Category: Law, Youth Justice, Coronavirus
Custody is a damaging environment for children in normal times but it has become even worse since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic. Severely restricted prison regimes have led to the majority of children being held in prolonged solitary confinement; no face-to-face visits; virtually no education or therapy; and difficulties in contacting families and professionals making planning for court hearings especially problematic.
Young people’s voices on youth court
Added: 15/05/2020 Category: Youth Justice
This briefing paper highlights the experiences of young people in youth courts in their own words. and draws from research conducted for our forthcoming research report, co-authored with the Institute for Crime & Justice Policy Research (ICPR), Time to get it right: Enhancing problem-solving practice in the Youth Court, which is due to be published in early July.
Children in Custody 2018–19
Added: 12/02/2020 Category: Youth Justice
HM Inspectorate of Prisons, as part of our regular inspection process at secure training centres (STCs) and young offender institutions (YOIs) conducts surveys of the children who are detained in those establishments. These surveys contribute to the evidence upon which we judge the treatment and conditions experienced by those being held in custody. They are particularly valuable, not only in providing data about the perceptions at the time of the inspection, but also in giving indications of trends. This is why we consider it essential that we maintain the tempo of our inspection activity in STCs and YOIs.
Youth Justice Statistics 2018/19
Added: 30/01/2020 Category: Youth Justice
The Youth Justice System (YJS) in England and Wales works to prevent offending and reoffending by children. The YJS is different to the adult system and is structured to address the needs of children. This publication looks at the YJS in England and Wales for the year ending March 2019. It considers the number of children (those aged 10-17) in the system, the offences they committed, the outcomes they received, their demographics and the trends over time.
Strengthening youth diversion
Added: 28/01/2020 Category: Youth Justice
Point-of-arrest youth diversion can reduce crime, keep communities safer, cut costs, and create better outcomes for children.1 Point-of-arrest youth diversion gives young people the chance to avoid both formal processing (either through an out of court disposal or a prosecution in court) and a criminal record, in return for the completion of community-based interventions.
Learning the Lessons: Improving policing policy and practice
Added: 23/01/2020 Category: Professionalism, Youth Justice
Welcome to issue 37 focusing on young people, our first to be guest edited by members of the IOPC youth panel. The youth panel was created in January 2018 to help us gain greater insight into the experiences of young people, helping to inform our work.
Child arrests in England and Wales 2018 – Research briefing
Added: 18/12/2019 Category: Youth Justice
In 2010, the Howard League launched a programme to reduce the high number of child arrests in England and Wales. We have worked closely with police forces around the country to reduce the number of children coming into the criminal justice system and to prevent children’s lives being blighted by criminal records and unnecessary police contact.
The detention of young people with learning disabilities and/or autism
Added: 23/10/2019 Category: Diversity, Youth Justice
We regard ourselves as a civilised society with a respect for human rights. Most people would say we should take extra care to support young people and those who are disabled. But the brutal truth is that we are failing to protect some of the most vulnerable young people – those with learning disabilities and/or autism. And indeed, we are inflicting terrible suffering on those detained in mental health hospitals and causing anguish to their distraught families. The recent BBC Panorama programme showing taunting and abuse of patients at Whorlton Hall exposed the horrific reality for some.
Representing looked-after children at the police station: a step-by-step guide for lawyers
Added: 01/10/2019 Category: Looked after children, Professionalism, Youth Justice
The guide, jointly published by Just for Kids Law and the Howard League for Penal Reform, aims to reduce the overcriminalisation of children in care. The Howard League for Penal Reform and the Youth Justice Legal Centre at Just for Kids Law have worked together to produce the document, which offers guidance on practical steps that lawyers should take to ensure that looked-after children receive the support and assistance they need and are entitled to. Looked-after children, and particularly those living in residential care, are disproportionately criminalised, compared to other children. They are less likely to receive support from family members or another trusted adult at the police station, and they should be entitled to additional protections set out in law, policy and guidance.
National protocol on reducing criminalisation of looked-after children
Added: 17/12/2018 Category: Looked after children, Politics, Professionalism, Youth Justice
A framework to help social care and criminal justice agencies keep looked-after children out of the criminal justice system.
In-brief: Trauma-informed youth justice
Added: 01/09/2017 Category: Early Intervention/ACE, Youth Justice
Trauma can result from experiences that cause intense fear or pain, overwhelming the ability to cope. For instance physical or emotional cruelty, sexual abuse, or witnessing violence. Risky or traumatic events are not rare, and will not always cause long-term harm. However some young people require on-going support to recover.