Identifying extremist behaviour in students

When attempting to identify extremist behaviour in a young person we often see many of the same characteristics that we see in other vulnerabilities, but some are specific to extremism.

Speak to us

Speak to your local Prevent Team if you would like to discuss any concerns on:

01392 225130

Please allow this number to ring until the answerphone connects as it calls all of our offices and may not be answered immediately.

Anti Social Behaviour

Are you anti-social?

Vehicle misuse
Noisy neighbours
Street drinking
Firework misuse

You are committing anti-social behaviour if you or a group you are with do the following:

  • Cause harassment, alarm or distress to any person of another household
  • Cause a person to feel personally threatened
  • Cause a public nuisance or detrimental impact upon the environment
  • Cause a detrimental effect upon the quality of life of an individual or the community as a whole

Although anti-social behaviour is not a crime, the Police can act to stop the behaviour and keep communities safe by following a 3 step process:

  • Verbal warning
  • Written warning
  • Multi-agency meeting

Not enough?

If you are not able to stop your behaviour, there are a number of options open to the police and their partners.


  • Mediation
  • Acceptable Behaviour Contract
    This is a voluntary written agreement between a young person, usually aged between 10 and 18, and the local authority and police. The young person agrees not to be involved with certain specified anti-social acts. It is usually for 6 months.
  • Referral to other agencies
  • Support and Counselling Services


  • Civil Injunction
    Civil Injunctions are used to prevent nuisance and annoyance. It places sanctions on the person to stop their behaviour and to to demand positive actions to address the underlying reasons for their behaviour.
  • Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO)
    These are given at youth court (for under 18s) against the most seriously antisocial individuals.
  • Community Protection Notice (CPN) 16+
    It is aimed at stopping behaviour that is having a negative impact on the local community’s quality of life. It requires behaviour to stop and sometimes to take steps to ensure it is not repeated in the future.
  • Public Spaces Protection Order (PSPO)
    Public Spaces Protection Orders (PSPO ) are to deal with a particular nuisance in a particular area that is having a detrimental effect on the quality of life for those in the local community. It can prohibit certain things or require specific things to be done.
  • Dispersal Power
    A Dispersal Order means that the Police can ask a group of two or more people to leave the dispersal area if they are doing anything wrong, or if they believe that they may or are likely to cause a nuisance to someone else

PRU Pupils – 6 and excluded

PRU Pupils – 6 and excluded

In 2018, whilst in their roles as a Headteacher and Deputy Head of an outstanding Pupil Referral Unit in East London, Marie Gentles and Katie L’Aimable featured on the Victoria Derbyshire programme. (20 mins)


When you exclude a young person from school, you interfere with their right to education. But this is rarely the only human rights violation they face. Excluded pupils are at risk, for example, of being drawn into serious youth violence – as both victims and perpetrators – are overrepresented in the prison system and often have their home life and private life disrupted.

EachOther’s first long-form documentary only features the voices of young people – those who are most affected by exclusion – who share their stories and views on this complex issue.

We also employed affected young people as consultants and researchers on the film. Their voices and solutions, concerns and experiences are at the heart of this work.

We heard from young people who had been temporarily excluded, permanently excluded, indirectly excluded, and those that had never been excluded – often referred to as ‘the other 29’ in a class. We heard from the No Lost Causes campaign group and from young people in Special Referral Units. We spoke to young people in London and in Scotland, including the Scottish Youth Parliament’s education and human rights committees. And we learned from St Roch’s school, which is at the heart of the inclusive, compassionate learning model that has brought about change in Glasgow. (45 mins)


Researchers have recently discovered a dangerous biological syndrome caused by abuse and neglect during childhood. As the new documentary Resilience reveals, toxic stress can trigger hormones that wreak havoc on the brains and bodies of children, putting them at a greater risk for disease, homelessness, prison time, and early death. While the broader impacts of poverty worsen the risk, no segment of society is immune. Resilience, however, also chronicles the dawn of a movement that is determined to fight back. Trailblazers in pediatrics, education, and social welfare are using cutting-edge science and field-tested therapies to protect children from the insidious effects of toxic stress—and the dark legacy of a childhood that no child would choose. (60 mins)

Being trauma informed

  • Introduction
  • Video

In this section, we will look at trauma informed policing and how it represents a change in the way we work with young offenders, recognising and addressing their vulnerability as well as their criminal behaviour.

The video on the following page provides an overview of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and how having a trauma informed approach can support young offenders.

Youth Produced Sexual Imagery

  • Video
  • Further information

If you are using a force computer to view this learning module, you can view the force policy by clicking here.

Thinkuknow provides guidance for young people:

For schools, there are some useful lesson plans and resources:

Youth Justice legal centre summit (March 2021)

You will hear from leading experts from across the globe about their ideas for tools that can be used to confront discrimination in order to represent children better.

As in previous years, the YJLC Summit is an opportunity to bring together those who work so tirelessly in this undervalued sector, and to celebrate our community and our collective work. We hope to share knowledge, circulate innovation, and develop good practice by first identifying the bias, discrimination and fear children experience within the criminal justice system and then developing ways of tackling it. We hope that this year’s Summit will be one of many steps towards defeating discrimination.

  • Session 1: Girls
  • Session 2: Race
  • Session 3: Class
  • Session 4: Kids
  • Session 5: Fear